A few years ago it was really rare to find type 2 diabetes in children. My friend has diabetes. She got them in 1st grade. She has type 1, that occurs in most children to have type 1 not type 2. According to the CDC more than 186,000 people younger than 20 have both type 1 and type 2diabetes. Another name for type to diabetes is Mellitus.
In adults mellitus is the digestive system breaking down carbohydrates into blood sugar glucose. The pancreas creates a hormone called insulin. This leads glucose from the blood vessels into your body cells. In children mellitus are resistant to the effects of insulin and glucose builds up in the blood stream. That will eventually cause glucose to reach a high level in the body.
Some risk factors in type 2 diabetes for children are being overweight; people from your family might have it, usually female and specific ethnic groups. Another risk factor is other problems with the insulin. Most children with type 2 diabetes are diagnosed when they hit puberty and a developed stage with increased resistance. A few symptoms of type 2 diabetes are increased thirst, fatigue, weight loss, blurred vision, and slow healing wounds.
In addition, with adults the type 2 diabetes in children appears to be associated with excess abdominal weight. The symptoms for adults are faster than children. For adults the symptoms are dry mouth, blurred vision, frequent urination, itchy skin, heavy breathing and numbness or tingling in their hands or feet. Their blood stream gets thick and syrupy from the extra sugar in their body. The entire genes together still only account for 10%.
Some other causes of type 2 diabetes are from genes. Each being a small contributor to and increased probability. If you have an identical twin and one twin has diabetes the chances are the other one will have a lifetime greater than 90%. Nonidentical siblings have a 25-50%. Since 2011 about 36 genes have been found that contribute the risk of mellitus.
All in all, if you have type mellitus, your insulin resistance is important. Your body is said to resist insulin because it no longer responds chemically to the hormones. If you get symptoms for type 2, you will have a number of lifestyle factors. There are a number of medications and other health problems that can predispose to diabetes. Some people with insulin don’t develop diabetes. People with diabetes do need the insulin to survive.
1) Why do you need insulin in your body?
2) What are some risk factors in Mellitus?
3) Can you be born with type 2 diabetes?