Ocean pollution is a big problem that is affecting the entire world. There is a thought among some that because oceans are vast a deep that pollution won’t affect them. Many think pollution is just trash, but it’s chemicals too. There are different kinds of ocean pollution and some things you wouldn’t expect to be considered pollution.
Sunscreen is a huge problem when it comes to ocean pollution. The sunscreen people wear to the beaches is killing coral and reefs across the world. About 14,000 tons of sunscreen is washed into the ocean every year. That means 10% of reefs are exposed to these toxins. It only takes a small dose of sunscreen to damage the fragile corals. Besides sunscreen, trash in the waters is also an issue.
Trash in the ocean is a global problem because it can move so far. Said by Manipadma Jena, “Marine litter can move long distances, becoming international”. Scientists cannot determine the exact amount of trash in the ocean because of how far it can travel. They are finding marine litter where they never thought. Evangelos Papathanassious found a sewing machine 4,000 feet deep in the Mediterranean Ocean. That just shows how big this problem is.
There are people trying to stop ocean pollution. The Trash Free Waters organization is trying to prevent trash from reaching water. They use regional and local solutions to reduce trash from entering the ocean. Their goal is to stop marine litter from threatening marine life and coral bleaching. They are an important part of getting trash out of the ocean.
Education on ocean pollution is important if it is going to be solved. Education should be focused on the chemical effects, how litter travels, and how people are working to stop the pollution. Metals, plastics, rubber, medical waste, oil, ect. should never enter the ocean. Ocean pollution is a global issue and requires everybody’s help to stop the problem.
- What is the main cause of pollution?
- How can we do more to stop the pollution?
- How is ocean pollution affecting animals?