More than 25 million people around the world and about 1% of all people in the western world suffer from schizophrenia at one point in their lives. Half of America’s mental patients are schizophrenic. This mental illness causes delusion, hallucinations, thought disorders, loss of separation between self and non self, and deterioration of everyday mental, emotional, and self-care aspects of everyday life. This disorder is not to be confused with Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) in the sense of having two or more personalities.
Scientists have not determined the cause of schizophrenia. There are many theories saying that it could be genetics, an imbalance of chemicals in the brain, or maybe even a viral infection. Similar to genetically related disorders, schizophrenia occurs when the body goes through physical and/or hormonal changes. People with schizophrenia have an imbalance of serotonin and dopamine in their brains. Causing the brain to react differently to stimuli.
There is not an actual cure for schizophrenia there are still ways to lessen the effects so you may live a normal life. You can choose to take medication, go to counseling/therapy (Both group and individual), hotlines, walk-in centers, etc. if you think there is a possibility someone you know has schizophrenia, encourage them to get medical help immediately. Early treatment results in a better long-term outcome.
Schizophrenia is a common illness that has many theorized causes and is potentially dangerous if not given attention immediately. Though that is not to say that if you are diagnosed with schizophrenia that you could not lead a normal life.
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